Programme Type: Undergraduate

Programme Name: B.Agric

Duration: 5 year(s)

Departmental Courses Offered

200 Level Courses

UNDERGRADUATE COURSES

SOSC 201 INTRODUCTORY PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (2 Cr 1P)

Introduction to chemical thermodynamics, enthalpy, entropy and free energy; Chemical equilibrium. Solutions of electrolytes and non-electrolytes; ion activities, determination of molecular weights, solubility relationships; Chemical kinetics; Colloids and macromolecules, surfaces and membranes with examples from biological systems (Oyinlola/Nafiu).

SOSC 202 INTRODUCTORY AGRICULTURAL CLIMATOLOGY (2 Cr)

Elements of climate, Equipment and maintenance for standard meteorological stations. The water cycle, Basic laws of radiation. The climate of West Africa. Relations between agriculture and climate with reference to irrigation, crops, livestock, pests and diseases (Abu/Yamusa).

SOSC 203 INTRODUCTORY INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 Cr)

Electronic energy levels, periodic law and electron probability distribution. Nature and types of chemical bonds; ionic crystals, polarity of covalent bonds, electrons in molecules, hybrid orbitals and molecular shapes. Acids and bases. Transition metal chemistry and the role of metal ions in biological systems and processes (Oyinlola/Nafiu).

SOSC 204 PRINCIPLES OF SOIL SCIENCE (I) (3 Cr 1P)

Rocks and minerals – their classification and weathering; soil forming factors and soil formation. Soil morphological characteristics, introduction to soil survey and classification. Chemical composition of soils, origin and general charge characteristics of soil colloids (aluminosilicate clays, sesquioxides and organic colloids), cation and anion exchange phenomena, dissolution and precipitation reactions in soil, oxidation-reduction, soil acidity and salinity. Microbial composition of soils, soil organic matter, organic matter decomposition and elemental cycles of N, S and P (Nafiu /Nkechi/ Shobayo)

300 Level Courses

SOSC 301 PRINCIPLES OF SOIL SCIENCE (II) (3 Cr 1P)

Physical composition of soil. Particle size distribution and analysis. Soil textures and structures and their measurements, air and water flow in soils, soil temperature. Physical and chemical factors affecting soil productivity and fertility, essential plant nutrients, macro and micro-nutrients, soil acidity and liming, inorganic and organic fertilisers, their applications, maintenance of soil fertility. Soil erosion, leaching, principles of soil and water management, soil and water conservation (Lawal/Nafiu/Oyinlola).

AGRC 304 PRINCIPLES OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE (2 Cr).

“Hydrologic cycle; role of water in crop growth; concepts of soil water availability; irrigation; water requirement; irrigation scheduling; methods of irrigation; water deficits and crop yields; water use efficiency; water quality; principles of soil salinity and alkalinity; management of problem soils; (saline, alkaline and sodic soil); leaching and drainage, irrigation resources of Nigeria; visits to irrigation sites (Odunze)

400 Level Courses

SOSC 440 SOIL ANALYSIS AND INSTRUMENTATION (3 Cr)

Principles of soil and plant analysis. Sample collection and preparation. Determination of soil pH. Estimation of soluble and exchangeable ions. Determination of exchange acidity, cation exchange capacity and organic carbon. Total elemental analysis in soils and plants. Soil hydraulic conductivity, moisture retention, use of tension tables use of soil and plant analysis in soil fertility evaluation. Instrumental methods in soil chemical analysis; principles of atomic absorption, flame emission, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction, infra-red analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance; trouble-shooting in instrumental analyses, data handling and analysis. (Amapu/Tarfa/Ado)

SOSC 442 SOIL BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY (3 Cr 1P)

Microbial ecology. Major groups of soil micro-organisms; their description, taxonomy, distribution and functions. Microbial metabolism, Biological interactions, Microbial nutrient transformation, Soil organic matter formation; biogeochemical cycles, mycorrihzae and their role in nutrient cycling. Microbiology of the rhizospere. Agrochemicals and their effects on soil microbial ecology; soil ecological and biological research. Laboratory exercises (Ado/ Gabasawa /Nkechi).

SOSC 444 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOPHYSICS (3 Cr)

Plant–environment interactions with emphasis on energy exchanges and water relations. Soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. Field water regime. Infiltration and surface runoff. Redistribution of soil moisture. Evaporation. Water uptake by plants. Transpiration and water use efficiency. Soil water deficits and plant growth. Micrometeorology, Principles and practice of weather observation, instruments, measurements and data management; Weather, climate and crop; Crop requirements for temperature, water, solar radiation (Abu/Yamusa)

SOSC 446 WASTE MANAGEMENT (3 Cr)

Classification of hazardous wastes and substances; sources of wastes, physical forms and segregation of wastes; reactive, corrosive and toxic substances, environmental chemistry of hazardous wastes; effects and fate of hazardous wastes in terrestrial and aquatic environment. Waste treatment: waste reduction, recycling, physical and chemical treatment of wastes; biodegradation of wastes, land-treatment and composting, preparation of waste for disposal, waste leachates and insitu waste treatment (Abdulkadir/Ibrahim)

500 Level Courses

SOSC 500: FIELD TRIP (1 Cr)

Land and environmental management sites of Excursion of interest. Written report required (Lawal/Tarfa/Ibrahim/Shobayo).

SOSC 540 SOIL AND WATER CHEMISTRY (3 Cr)

Chemistry, classification and properties of silicates and other soil minerals; Soil organic matter transformation and the chemistry of humus; Charge development in soils; cation exchange capacity, the diffuse double layer theory, anion and cation adsorption; Water chemistry, soil solution chemical equilibria in soils and methods of handling equilibria in soil and aquatic systems; Oxidation-reduction in soils and its application to the availability of N, Fe and Mn in soils; application of soil and water chemistry to agriculture and environmental protection (Nafiu).

SOSC 542 PEDOLOGY (3 Cr)

Fundamental concepts, soil forming minerals and rocks in relation to the soils derived therefrom, soil characterisation, soil forming factors and processes. Soil classifications and major soil classification types (USDA Soil Taxonomy, FAO/UNESCO Legend).

Impact of tropical environment on soil formation. Soil survey types and procedures. Application of Geographical Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) in soil survey and mapping. Mapping Nigerian soils – their characteristics, distribution, management and properties. Soil and land use capability classification. Field project/exercises (Ya’u/Shobayo).

SOSC 544 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND TOXICOLOGY (3 Cr)

Sources of soil, water and air pollutants; agrochemical and urban sources; physical processes and mechanisms of soil pollution, contaminant transport; chemical and biological transformation of pollutants in soil, biodegradation, monitoring of environmental pollution, site characterisation, data acquisition and collection, biological monitoring of soil pollution. Toxicological chemistry, dose-response relationships; toxic elements and elemental forms, toxic inorganic and organic compounds, xenobiotics; physical, chemical and biological remediation of polluted soils; phytoremediation. Environmental impact assessment (Oyinlola/Gabasawa)

SOSC 546 SOIL PHYSICS (3 Cr)

Physical composition of soil. Physical properties of soils. Water retention and transmission in soils; hydraulic conductivity; infiltration. Transport of heat, gas and solutes in soil. Dynamic properties of soils. Physical environment of soil organisms and soil-plant-water relations (Lawal/Abdulkadir).

AGRC 500 PROJECT/SEMINAR (2 Cr)

Soil Science Option students would normally be expected to take a project of topical interest in soil or environmental science. The final grade of the project will be based on a type-written report and a seminar (all staff).